It is not recommended to use ANY adaptors with the Integral CopyStation. Using adapters may damage your disk and/or the CopyStation.
Windows XP: Use Check-Disk (chkdsk.exe). Follow the section "How to run Chkdsk from My Computer or from Windows Explorer" from this link http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315265
Windows Vista/7: Please see; http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-vista/check-your-hard-disk-for-errors
Apple MAC OSX 10 and above; Plug the disk into your Apple machine, Click "Go", select "Utilities" and launch "Disk Utilities", Identify and select the disk you wish to check, Under "First Aid" click "Verify Disk" followed by "Repair Disk" once
Yes. The Integral Copystation is designed to do a bit-for-bit copy of your Source drive. This means ALL data and all partitions will be copied over regardless of filesystem or hidden/proprietary partitions.